Soap Ingredients


You need 3 main ingredients to make soap


Water is a key ingredient in soap making. A highly mineralized water (hard water) would hinder good saponification. Thus it is recommended that you use a low mineralized water such as rain water or distilled water.

Caustic alkali

Sodium hydroxide, or caustic soda, comes as little white tablets or balls. It is a very dangerous product, one must be very cautious when handling it. You may wear rubber gloves up to the elbow, long sleeves, and eye protection glasses while handling it. You could wear thick fabric trousers and a plastic apron as well. It would also be wise to wear rubber boots.

Never forget that caustic soda is corrosive, noxious and dangerous. It must be operated preferably in a well-ventilated area. You must ensure that you do not inhale chemical reaction fumes. The best would be to operate in the open – in a garden or on a balcony.

You must take care to proceed in small quantities, especially if it is to make several kinds of soaps in different colours and various fragrances.

Use preferably glass containers, dedicated to soap making.

In the event of a contact of the skin with soda, you should rinse the affected skin immediately under tap water. In the event of a splashing in the eye, you must rinse abundantly and seek immediate medical advice.

The alkali can also be made from ashes; it is then potassium hydroxide KOH (potash) which is at work.

The major difference between caustic soda and potash is that the first one produces hard soap while the second one produces soft soap.

Oils or fats

Any fat can be used for soap making. The end results will vary according to the fat used. For instance, if you would like a soap that lathers a lot, you should use 20% to 25% of coconut oil. You must be aware, however, that lather does not improve the washing property of the soap at all. It is no more than a psychological element.

Other additives are optional but are of supreme importance for giving your soap its personal touch, its main characteristics. They are what will make your own soap so special: essential oils for specific treatments and fragrances, colouring for the eye, and various other products such as honey, milk, wax, clay, dried herbs, flowers, chopped oatmeal, cornmeal, cocoa powder, … the list is pretty long.

To find out the details on how to make soap, follow this link to Soap Making Technique.


Homemade Soap Making


Soap making is easy

Soap ingredients

How is soap made? It comes from the chemical reaction between the 2 basic soap ingredients which are animal or vegetable oils or fats (fatty acids) on the one hand, and caustic alkali (lye) that has been dissolved in water on the other hand. Caustic alkali refers to either sodium hydroxide (also known as caustic soda) or to potassium hydroxide (also known as potash).

Mixing soap ingredients

There are several processes for soap making, the most common being the cold process. To find out the details on how to make soap through the cold process, follow this link to Soap Making Technique.

The fatty acids can be almost any oils coming from vegetable source (olive, coconut,…) or animal source (beef tallow, …).

Preparing the lye is the most delicate operation in the process. It requires a good organisation, the use of safety equipment such as goggles, gloves, long sleeves shirt, and operating in a well-ventilated area. Indeed, mixing sodium hydroxide with water generates vapours which are quite noxious. However, the highest precaution is to never pour water onto the lye, as it would create projections of the mixture. Instead, always slowly pour lye into water, and use glass or stainless steel containers that can stand the heat.

Natural handmade soap fashioning

Different ingredients can be added for various purposes such as soap hardness or fragrance, which will give your homemade soap its absolute personal character. The liquid matter resulting from that chemical reaction between the 2 main soap ingredients is then poured in a soap mold which is conveniently made of flexible plastic. Soap molds can be of an infinite array of forms to suit your imagination. After 24 to 48 hours, during which it still emits noxious vapors and therefore must be stored in a well-ventilated area, soap is removed from the mold, possibly cut up in cakes. At that stage this handmade soap is still soft and is not yet suitable for use. It must be stored for around 1 month to get the required hardness before use.

This introductory articles just tells you how easy handmade soap making is. To find out the details on how to make soap, follow this link to Soap Making Technique.


Natural Homemade Soap


Personal soap making

Natural homemadesoap

What a better care you can give your skin than an absolutely natural homemade soap you’ve made yourself? You’ve made it, so you know it’s good for your skin. Whereas soaps from soap manufacturers are made up of chemical and industrial products, you know for certain that the soap ingredients you have carefully selected for your own natural handmade soap are good and safe for you and your family.

To get relevant information, follow this link to the Risks With Commercially-Produced Soaps.

Soap bubbles

There is a belief that the more the soap bubbles or foams, the cleaner the result is. Building on this belief, industrial soap manufacturers add ingredients such as sodium lauryl sulfates or SLS, which are there only to make bubbles without being effective at all in cleaning function. However, research has proven that those chemical ingredients can penetrate the blood through the skin, and be very toxic at certain levels, especially with young children.

Homemade soaps might not make as much lather as those soaps you buy out there (actually it depends on the mix of oils you use), but they do absolutely the same job, more safely and efficiently.

Make your own soap

So why wait? Make a positive and smart decision on how you treat your body and your family. Make your own soap. Start today creating all sorts of fantastic natural fragrant homemade soaps for all your family, and even for your friends. Look into this website pages, find and try different soap recipes. When you get a little more used to make you own soap, knock yourself out and let your taste and imagination experiment your personal soap recipes! To find out the details on how to make soap, follow this link to Soap Making Technique.